Hodgkin’s disease is a type of lymphoma or cancer of the lymph nodes. Hodgkin’s is also one of the two major kinds of lymphomas. The other kind, non-Hodgkins lymphoma, is much more widespread. Hodgkin’s can occur almost anywhere on the body but is most commonly found in the testicles. Its most common symptom is swelling of the glands.
This swelling is caused by the abnormal growth of cells from the blood called “vesicles”. A change in cell number or a mutation in a gene causes these cells to multiply into tumors. In the case of Hodgkin’s disease, these cells are called Hodgkin’s cells and are extremely contagious. If you believe you might have Hodgkin’s disease cells in your semen, vaginal secretions, or blood, see your doctor immediately.
The most common treatment for Hodgkin’s disease is surgery. When normal cells are lost, the body tries to replace them by making stem cells from healthy blood cells taken from your own bone marrow. Over time, with no treatment, these stem cells can line the walls of your lymph nodes. If cancer is present, the stem cells develop into tumors that can then be removed surgically with a needle inserted through an opening in the skin.
Sometimes, however, even with treatment your abnormal cells continue to multiply, leading to Hodgkin’s disease. There are four types of Hodgkin’s disease. Hodgkin’s disease of the lymphoid tissue is called Hodgkin lymphocytic. Hodgkin’s disease of the bone marrow is also called Hodgkin’s Disease of the Mononucleosis and Hodgkin’s Disease of the lungs or Stomatitis. Hodgkin’s Disease of the lung, Hodgkin’s Disease of the liver, and Hodgkin’s Disease of the colon are types of advanced persistent lymphocytic leukemia (APL) and Hodgkin’s Lymphoma include Cataract, Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma (NHL), Non-Wustum (SW), and Recurrent Leukaemia (RLL).
In Hodgkin lymphomas, doctors find abnormal cells in the lining of the body’s blood vessels, the lining of the abdominal cavity, the lining of the gastrointestinal tract, the lungs, the skin, the esophagus, and the spinal cord. These tissues are rich in platelets, which are needed to replace red blood cells within the body. Sometimes, a patient may suffer from a type of autoimmune disorder. Patients with autoimmune disorders such as Lupus and diabetes insipidus may develop Hodgkin lymphomas.
A doctor will test patients for various abnormal cells in Hodgkin’s tumors by looking for: positive antigens, marker cells (cells that can indicate the presence of an illness), lymph node enlargement, and nodules. A medical biopsy confirms the diagnosis. At this stage, doctors perform a process of removing benign tumors (bodies with abnormally shaped cells) and lymph nodes from the affected areas. Tumors that do not respond to treatments are removed.
One or more lymph node biopsies show the presence of lymphomas or other abnormal cells. The doctor may then perform a variety of tests to determine the stage. Some of these staging tests include Hodgkin’s Disease Prognosis, TNM staging system, parameters of tumor cell survival, pappus tumor cell survival, body capsule staging, lymph node biopsy, lymph node dysplasia, and Hodgkin Disease Activity Index (HADI). A definitive diagnosis is made through a procedure called tissue biopsy. This procedure is undertaken by a trained doctor who uses a special scope to remove small pieces of tissue for testing and analysis.
Hodgkin’s disease is a potentially fatal and aggressive form of cancer that is usually treated using aggressive surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Although it is a relatively minor cancer, it has the possibility to spread to other parts of the body or to cause secondary conditions such as infertility or the blocking of the airway caused by nodules. Hodgkin’s disease has an aggressive outlook; however, with early detection and prompt treatment, most people with Hodgkin’s disease will be able to live a long healthy life. If you’re diagnosed with Hodgkin’s, it’s important to know your treatment options and the expected results. By learning more about Hodgkin’s, you’ll be better equipped to make the right decisions about your health.