Menstruation And Periods

The Difference Between Menstruation and Periods

The menstrual cycle is simply a series of physical changes in the structure of the ovaries and hormonal production of the woman’s reproductive organs that lead to menstruation. The ovary, a bean-shaped endocrine gland in the lower part of the abdomen, contains an egg which becomes released during the ovulation process and then dissolves in a pouch that will fall off into the fallopian tube. The ovary also contains the follicle, a small endocrine gland where the egg develops. When the egg implants into the follicle wall, a woman will ovulate and menstruate. Ovulation and menstruation occur throughout the woman’s normal menstrual cycles.


The ovary, the pituitary gland, and the uterus control the amount and timing of menstrual flow. When a woman has her monthly periods, the hormones made by the ovaries determine when the egg is released so that it can be fertilized. The normal period is determined by the length of the ovarian cyst, the size of the egg, the age and health of the ovary, and the functioning of other reproductive organs such as the cervical glands. The follicle, which is the endometrial lining that surrounds the ovary, releases the egg in the fallopian tube during the ovulation process. This process of releasing the egg in the fallopian tube occurs every month during a woman’s normal period.

Signs And Symptoms Of Menstruation Periods

Menses are simply the discharge of endometrial tissue, blood, and other materials from the endometrial lining that make up the uterus. Blood clots that are not cleared by the body’s normal processes may break free from the lining and travel to the bladder or fallopian tubes and result in abnormal menstruation. These blood clots can be extremely painful and even dangerous.

Menstrual blood differs slightly depending on a woman’s cycle and body chemistry. Some women produce heavier and more frequent bleeding than others. Some women experience irregular menstruation, which means they do not know when they will have a period and when they won’t. Other women experience light bleeding which is possible to stop relatively easily if they take over-the-counter pain medication such as Tylenol. Menstrual blood pressure is influenced by many factors including weight gain, physical activity, humidity, smoking, drinking, and exercise. Some medications can alter how the body works so it is important to discuss all risks with your doctor including any prescription drugs that you may be taking.

The onset of menstruation is triggered by a number of different events that usually happen fairly close together. The most common events that set off menstruation are ovulation, the passing of a soul’s sperm, and the commencement of maturation of a female’s reproductive system. In our medical definition, the menstrual flow will continue for about twenty-eight days. Normally this is accompanied by one or more implantation periods. Implantation occurs when a fertilized egg is implanted into the uterus lining. This gives rise to the beginning of a new life.

Menstruation Cycle And Safe Period

Most women will experience some variation of menstruation every month for the first year of their lives. After the first year of menstruation the variation will decrease to about two weeks in length. At this point most women will choose to discontinue the use of birth control so they do not continue to bleed during this time. However, there are some individuals who continue to bleed throughout the month to use contraceptives. This is called ‘unexplained’ bleeding.

For most women who continue to menstruate, one of their ovaries will end up with implantation at some point during the month. When this happens the egg implants itself into the uterine lining. This implantation can be quite painful and for this reason many women choose to discontinue the use of birth control so that they do not induce menstruation. However, as the months go on the implantation will cause a thickening of the endometrium around the ovaries.

This thickened lining will prevent blood from flowing to the vagina. Without enough blood the vagina begins to swell and develop irregularities such as pain and soreness. This pain can also extend to the thighs, lower abdomen, and buttocks. Sometimes menstrual bleeding occurs as a side effect of a drug or other substance intake. This should always be discussed with your physician.

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